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A Comprehensive Guide to Delayed Sleep-Wake Disorder
Are you having trouble falling asleep or staying awake during the day? If you answered yes, you might suffer from delayed sleep-wake disorder (DSWD). This condition affects millions of Americans every year. The delayed sleep-wake disorder is characterized by difficulty...
A Comprehensive Guide to Non-24-hour Sleep-Wake Disorder
What happens when you don't get enough sleep? Are you tired all day long? Or does it only affect certain times of the day? If you answered yes to either question, you might suffer from non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder (N24HSD). Sleep...
A Comprehensive Guide to Shiftwork Sleep Disorder
Shiftwork sleep disorder refers to a circadian rhythm sleeping disorder that is characterised by sleep problems that result from working long hours or irregularly.  Any work schedule that is not 7 a.m., or 6 p.m., is called "shift work". Although...
Irregular Sleep-Wake Rhythm Disorder (ISWRD)
Sleep disorders affect millions of Americans every year. According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 25% of adults experience some form of insomnia at least once per week.  Insomnia is defined as difficulty falling or staying asleep or waking...
Jet Lag Disorder: What You Need To Know?
Are you tired of feeling sluggish after travelling across time zones? If you experience jet lag frequently, you might be suffering from circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD). A disruption in our internal clock causes jet lag. When we travel eastward...
What Is Advanced Sleep-Wake Phase Disorder?
The advanced sleep-wake-phase disorder is a disorder of the circadian rhythm that causes a person to fall asleep early in the evening, and awake later in the morning as opposed to most people.  The typical advance is at least two...
A Comprehensive Guide to Bed Wetting
Bedwetting has always been a problem for children. They wake up at night because they cannot control their bladder. This condition is called nocturnal enuresis.  There are several ways to treat bedwetting. Some parents try to ignore the situation. Others...
A Comprehensive Guide to REM sleep behaviour disorder
REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia in which an individual dreams that they are acting out their dreams.  It is normal not to move in REM sleep. It is a normal phase of sleep that can often occur...
All you need to know about Circadian Rhythm Disorder
Circadian disorder of the rhythm can cause the possibility of difficulty falling asleep, awakening during sleep, or waking too early and unable to go back to sleep.  Treatment choices include lighting therapy, medications, and behavioural therapy. Treatment options are based...
A Guide to Teeth Grinding/ Bruxism
Teeth grinding, gnashing, or clenching is known as bruxism (BRUK-siz-um). If you suffer from bruxism, you may clench your teeth either while awake (awake bruxism) or during sleep (sleep bruxism) . According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, sleep...
Sleep-related Eating Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Risks & Treatment
Are you experiencing abnormal eating patterns at night? Has your partner ever warned about your nocturnal sleep-related behaviour that you don't remember the following day? While Sleep-Related Eating Disorder is not so common, it is again a parasomnia that makes...
Uncommon Parasomnias
Parasomnias are sleep-related disorders that disrupt your sleep. Unusual movements, speech, and emotions can occur when you're asleep, even though your bed partner might think you're awake.  Examples include nightmare disorders. Sleep terrors sleepwalking, sleep paralysis, and a sleep-related eating...
A Complete Guide to Parasomnia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Diagnosis
Parasomnias are sleep disorders characterized by abnormal behaviours during sleep.  They include night terrors, nightmares, sleepwalking, sleep talking, REM behaviour disorder (RBD), confusional arousals, parasomnia due to epilepsy or other medical conditions, and parasomnia due to substance abuse. Parasomnia is...
A Guide to Catathrenia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and More
Catathrenia is a parasomnia when the nervous system's activity goes haywire during sleep. The individual will generally take a deep breath, hold it for a second, and then exhale with a long, sustained, high-pitched groan. While the exact cause of...
A Guide to Sleepwalking: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and More
What is sleepwalking? Is it dangerous? How does it happen? What should I do if I experience it? More than 3 million cases of Sleepwalking are reported alone in the US.  Sleepwalking is a common problem that affects millions of...
Sleep Talking: Causes, Symptoms, Risks, Treatment and More
How often do you sleep talk?  If you don't know, you probably haven't heard of sleep talking. This strange habit happens when someone talks or mutters words during their sleep.  Sometimes, these utterances are nonsensical; they are coherent and even...
What are Nightmares: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
What causes nightmares? How can I treat them? Are they dangerous? Nightmares are often associated with stress, anxiety or depression. They are also common during childhood and adolescence and can persist into adulthood. Nightmares are vivid dreams that occur during...
What are sleep terrors? Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and More
Sleep terrors are terrifying episodes of screaming, panic, and flailing that occur while you're still sleeping. Sleep terrors are also known as night terrors and are associated with sleepwalking.  Sleepwalking and sleep terrors are both parasomnia events— unwelcome happenings during...
A comprehensive guide to Chronic Insomnia
Chronic insomnia is a condition where you wake up tired every day, even after sleeping well at night.  It is because you don't get enough sleep. If you have chronic insomnia, you might also experience other symptoms such as anxiety,...
A Comprehensive Guide to Insomnia: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Are you suffering from acute insomnia? Insomnia affects millions of Americans each year. The causes of insomnia vary depending on the person's lifestyle, habits, medications, and other factors. Some people suffer from stress or anxiety, while others experience pain or...
A Comprehensive Guide to Maintenance Insomnia
A quarter of people wake up at least once a night. A variety of causes can disrupt your sleep, including nightmares, noise, sudden changes in your surroundings or a restless partner or child.  Most individuals can fall back asleep within...